Full removal of dental caries involves the replenishment of damaged materials with either dental filling or a crown. Fillings replace the lost tooth structure caused by caries or tooth fracture. Restorative materials that are used nowadays have great aesthetic and mechanical properties and provide excellent adhesion to the structure of the tooth. Restorations can reassemble the morphological structure of the tooth, and a whole range of different colors and materials can help to achieve adequate color variation for each filling.
Dental fillings bring back the functionality and aesthetics of natural teeth. Each filling has the goal to faithfully reproduce the appearance of natural tooth, otherwise it may interfere the occlusal relations, disturb muscles, TMJ function, or even lead to various tooth fractures. The restorations that are badly made can cause retention of food between your teeth, bad breath, gum pockets and bleeding gums. When the defect of the tooth structure is excessive or when the tooth is in endodontic treatment, the remaining structure is often not sufficient to withstand the chewing forces that occur in the mouth. In such cases, the solution is a prosthetic dental crown.
Like most other things related to the health of your teeth, the caries development, as well as the durability of dental fillings and restorations after its application, depends primarily on the regular and proper implementation of oral hygiene and a healthier nutrition (reduction of carbohydrates - sweets, milk, chocolate).
Endodontics is a treatment of root canal. Once, it was a painful and lengthy process, however in modern dentistry is much less uncomfortable and it takes less time. The problem can be caused by deep or untreated caries, when a bacteria causes a noticeably painful infection or - much less noticeable - necrosis. Much less often it is a consequence of a trauma or a physical damage, caused by an impact, a fall or even an improper treatment.
The treatment of a damaged root canal has to start as soon as possible, since neither antibiotics nor analgesics can help appropriately. Any delay in treatment can lead to spreading of the disease, causing many unpleasant consequences.
Treatment of root canal begins with proper diagnostics. The next step is the caries removal, usually under local anesthesia. Then comes the treatment of root canal. Proper treatment can preserve the natural tooth in nearly 95% of the cases. Modern methods have significantly accelerated the whole process, so that a complete rehabilitation of the root canal can be done in up to three visits to the dentist.